blood pressure over the lesion increases and children with coarctation
of the aorta have an arterial pressure at superior limbs increased. The
pulsation of the upper side of the body are strong whereas those of the
lower part are weal or absent.
some cases, exclusively neonates, there is heart failure. Most of the
children have no problem.
of aortic coarctation is made when the physician notes the absence of
arterial pulse at the groin. Doppler echography allows the vision of the
aortic segment coarctated and an evaluation of blood flow through the
surgical treatment can be done using different method; usually the coarctated
segment of the aorta is resected and an end-to-end anastomosis is performed.
The surgery of the coarctation of the aorta is the oldest heart intervention
as it was performed for the first time in 1945. The results are excellent
and the children operated can have a normal life.
The ideal surgery time
is between 1 and 2 years of age. In some cases for the severity of the
symptoms the patient must be operated earlier; in 20-30% of these patient
the coarctation can formed again during the years. Nowadays, according to the age, the weight of the child, and the anatomy of the arch, recoarctation is treated by percutaneous balloon angioplasty, or, in older children, with the implantation of a covered stent.